Monday, August 02, 1999

News in Chinese Media

Xinhua News Agency

12 Infiltrators Killed in Jammu, Kashmir

    Indian troops foiled a major infiltration bid by Pakistan in Jammu and Kashmir, killing 12 infiltrators and injuring 13 others Saturday night.

     An official spokesman said Sunday that 4 militants were arrested as security forces smashed some militant hideouts to recover arms and ammunition.

     The heavily armed militants entered the Indian territory from Pakistan-controlled Kashmir, taking advantage of poor visibility and thick fog through Shamaswari range, according to PTI.

     They took positions in the rocky area and opened fire on Indian troops around 15:00 Saturday.

     The shoot-out lasted for nearly three hours.

Xinhua News Agency

Shanghai Hosts Int'l Symposium on Chinese Language Teaching

    The third International Symposium on Chinese Language Teaching opened here today.

     Attending the three-day symposium are more than 230 scholars and educators from 32 countries in Asia, Europe, Africa, North America, Latin America and Oceania.

     Xu Jialu, vice-chairman of the National People's Congress Standing Committee, told the opening session of the symposium that the teaching of the Chinese language abroad is a major way of promoting Chinese culture.

     He said that the study of the Chinese language is becoming increasingly popular worldwide. In addition to Chinese people living in foreign countries, millions of non-Chinese people are studying the Chinese language, with over 100 schools in the United States alone teaching it.

     At today's opening ceremony, 210 teachers and 100 Chinese language promoters were given awards by the Overseas Chinese Affairs Office (OCAO) of the State Council for their outstanding achievements in Chinese language teaching.

     Liu Zepeng, deputy director of the OCAO, and municipal government officials of Shanghai attended today's ceremony.

Xinhua News Agency

China's Sales of Bus, Luxury Coach Growing Fast

    A rapid extension of expressways and growth in mass transit in China are pushing sales of buses and luxury coaches, according to today's Business Weekly of China Daily.

     During the first half this year, 15,761 buses and luxury coaches were sold, up 60.37 percent from the same period last year, according to figures from China Automotive Industry Association.

     This is a new record following five consecutive years of growth and it has been attributed to massive investment in urban public works, the construction of highways and the advent of peak time for the replacement of old buses, said the officials with the association.

     About 50,000 old buses will be replaced by new ones because of activities marking the 50th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China.

     In three years of time, China will spend at least 250 billion yuan (30.1 billion US dollars) building roads and bridges within big cities. The budget for new bus purchases is expected to be at least 30 billion yuan (3.61 billion US dollars).

     The growth in tourism and international activities held by China is expected to bring in more orders for luxury coaches.

Xinhua News Agency

China Works on New Auditing System

    China's auditors are urged to develop sharper eyes to comply with or benefit from new rules of responsibility under consideration at the National Audit Office.

     Today's Business Weekly of China Daily quoted Auditor-General Li Jinhua as saying that the office is working on a new auditing system, which includes auditing principles, regulations concerning incentives for auditors and rules of responsibility to improve the quality of audits.

     He said that the auditing is an increasingly important tool for the supervision of the national economy and a powerful weapon in the fight against corruption.

     "If auditors fail to find problems which turn up years later, they must bear responsibility," said Li.

     Responsibility rules are expected to be developed during 2001, and auditing principles are being drafted and will go into effected by the end of next year.

     Rules concerning incentives for those who discover cases involving big embezzlements and illegal activities have already been set up. And rules defining responsibilities are under serious consideration.

     Li said if auditors obey the principles, but still fail to discover problems, they should not bear unlimited responsibilities, because the system aims not only to make auditors more responsible, but to protect them.

     He also highlighted the importance of applying advanced means such as computer technologies to improve auditing efficiency.

     According to Li, Chinese auditors face such thorny problems as local protectionism, which hampers auditing and the publicizing of auditing reports. Loose financial discipline and fabricated accounting information also creates hotbeds for corruption.

Xinhua News Agency

China's Machinery, Electronics Exports Face Uphill Battle

    Chinese machinery and electronics exporters face an uphill battle in achieving a high growth rate, the English language newspaper China Daily's Business Weekly reported Sunday.

     In the first half of this year, China's exports of machinery and electronic products increased by 2.99 billion US dollars or 9.9 percent from the same period of last year to 33.3 billion US dollars, according to Chinese customs statistics.

     A trade official pointed out it will be more difficult for China to augment its exports of machinery and electronic products. He listed some major negative factors such as rising trade protectionism in some countries, more fierce competition from rivals of other countries and undercutting practices among some Chinese exporters.

     China has raised export rebates to 17 percent on four major kinds of machinery and electronic exports, accounting for 80 percent of machinery and electronics exports each year, the paper said, adding that the higher rebate rates are expected to reduce export costs and encourage Chinese exporters to sell more such products abroad.

     Meanwhile, the government also gave rebates to exports of equipment and raw materials and granted foreign trade rights and international engineering contracting rights to those domestic enterprises who plan to invest overseas to make it a new growth sector for Chinese exporters, the paper said.

China Daily
Author:  Yu Yi

Enrollment up at foreign high schools

    SMART domestic and foreign businessmen and schools are ready to cash in on the surging craze of sending children to study in foreign high schools.

    It used to be popular for ambitious Chinese youth to attend graduate schools overseas. Later, people began to show interest in undergraduate institutions. Now, this includes high schools too.

    Parents believe that an early assimilation will help their children better handle the educational systems of other countries. The most popular destinations to receive an education abroad are countries such as the United States, Canada, Australia, the United Kingdom and Singapore.

    Currently, teenagers usually get visas through the agents of overseas schools. The average price for all necessary paper work is about US$3,000.

    But agents are not always reliable. To comfort nervous parents and expand their market, a new type of joint venture schools has emerged in China. They offer courses taught by foreign teachers using imported textbooks, and for a year or two, the students attend classes in China. Then the students finish their high school education in another country.

    The Beijing China-Australia College, to open in mid-August, is the first of its kind in Beijing.

    A joint venture between Huijia Private College of Beijing and Alexander Education Group of Australia, the school accepts students who have finished junior high school.

    Students can choose to take one or two years of classes in Beijing and then complete the rest of their high school education in Murdoch College, Australia, a school run by the Alexander Group.

    After graduation, students can go directly to the group's universities or apply for other institutions of higher learning.

    Experts estimate that the number could reach several thousands a year. This is a multi-million market, and it is increasing rapidly.



China Daily
Author:  Meng Yan

More private funds for colleges urged

    THE proportion of private funding to State funding of China's higher education should expand and more private sources should be allowed to invest in this sector, a higher education leader recommends.

    Chen Zhunmin, president of the University of International Business and Economics, spoke about the importance of private funding at a seminar on Saturday in Beijing on reforming China's universities for the 21st century.

    The State Council decided last year to increase its spending on education by 18 billion yuan (US$2.2 billion) between 1998 to 2000, according to Liu Xiangdong, vice-minister of the Foreign Trade and Economic Co-operation.

    However, China's education system must be reformed first to make the best use of the new appropriation, Liu said.

    Higher education has been regarded as a free service provided by the government since the founding of the People's Republic of China 50 years ago.

    While it is agreed that the nine-year compulsory education programme should remain State-funded, there is increasing doubt over the government's role as the only provider of higher education, according to Chen.

    Chen said more and more Chinese are realizing that educational spending is one of the best long-term investments.

    "Education is one of the few areas where demand still exceeds supply by a big margin," Chen said. "Higher education will be an area with the greatest potential to stimulate domestic demand for consumption and investment."

    According to a recent sample test conducted by the State Statistics Bureau and the Economic Forecasting Centre of China, 10 per cent of the Chinese would use their savings for education.

    In order to attract more private funding, universities should be given the autonomy to tailor their offerings to better satisfy the specific needs of private fund providers, Chen added.

    Chinese universities have enjoyed little autonomy in determining the type, location and price of the programmes they offer. They can exert little power on their faculty and staff, even though many of them are redundant or not qualified as university employees because they are regarded as cadres.

    "Some macro control is necessary for the healthy development of China's higher education. Too much control will stifle the initiative of the universities and jeopardize their independence," Chen said.

    Saturday's seminar was organized by Chen's university jointly with Montclair State University of New Jersey, Australia-based Curtin University, and UK-based Luton University.



Shanghai Daily
Author:  Lu Hong

Sole Cafe Wafts into Shanghai

    On a fine summer evening perfect for a stroll down Hengshan Road, one of the best known places for expatriate living in Shanghai, my eyes suddenly catch a new store -- Sole Cafe -- already elbowed into the crowded entertainment and leisure centre.

    Looking through the transparent glass wall, I can't take my eyes off coffee pots and cups placed on the shelves. Each of them is adorned with lovely sun-like pictures with the company logo, "Sole".

    They are so elegant and unique that I decide to have a cup of coffee in the store. The moment I open the door, the strong fragrance of fine coffee wafts into the air immediately warming me up.

    Sitting down at a table near the wall and having a look at the decor, I realize Sole is different from others.

    Unlike most cafes in Shanghai who try to create a nostalgic and mellow atmosphere by decorating with dim lighting and mellow colours, Sole is bright and cheerful in decoration.

    More than 30 wooden chairs are spaciously scattered around the hall and are divided from each other by a board providing freedom and privacy. Individual lights hang over the tables making the hall open and bright.

    A massive "Sole" is written in sunny yellow on one wall and a colourful picture describing how farmers reap and transport coffee beans is hung on another wall. With music softly playing in the background, people chatter in low tones over a steaming cup of coffee as the waiters busily greet customers.

    Some people busy themselves with newspapers and magazines while others pace up and down the hall appreciating the elegant coffee kettles, cups, and even the waiters' clothing, which is said to be specially designed by Sole Food Service Co Ltd., the first chain cafe established by Taiwan-based Longfeng Group.

    According to sources from Sole, Sole is planning to initiate take-away service in the store very soon.




Shanghai Daily

Airport Set for Take Off

    China's first local regulation governing two civil airports will take effect in Shanghai from tomorrow which should create an integrated and effective business environment for the two aviation hubs.

    "The regulation aims to strengthen the management of the city's two airports," said Xia Keqiang, office director of the Shanghai Airport Administration Committee.

    Shanghai will become China's first city with two civil airports. One is Hongqiao International Airport and the other is Pudong Airport that is scheduled to open to flights on October 1.

    The city government began managing Hongqiao Airport in September, 1993, which was governed by the Civil Aviation Administration of China previously.

    The office made three-year preparations for the draft that was approved by the city congress' Standing Committee on June 1.

    The regulation consists of nine chapters with 56 provisions that involve planning, safety management, social order and environmental protection.

    Beginning August 1, those who want to launch a project, or put up advertisement boards, occupy green land and relocate public toilets in the airport areas must apply to the office beforehand.

    "Those who violate the regulation will be punished," Xia said.

    The director said the city has witnessed a growing civil aviation business over the past several years. Hence the project to build an airport in Pudong.

    "Workers are now adjusting equipment at Pudong Airport, trying to make sure it opens on time," said Wu Xiangming, president of the Shanghai Airport (Group) Company Ltd.

    The airport, which cost more than 13 billion yuan ($1.57 billion) in its first phase, is China's first one designed to have four runways. When it is completed in 2005, it will have a handling capacity of 80 million passengers and 5 million tons of cargo and mail per year.

    By then, the airport should match Heathrow Airport in Britain and Los Angeles Airport in the United States.

    Sources with the airport company said a maiden flight ceremony will be held before September 20 to mark completion of the first phase of construction of the airport.

    According to schedule, the airport will receive special planes in late September carrying chief executive officers from multinational companies, who will come to attend a Fortune Global Forum in Pudong.


Shanghai Daily

Updated Chinese-English Dictionary Has 3,500 News Words

    When The English - Chinese Dictionary (unabridged) was published in 1989, it was well received and has since won many awards at city and national levels.

    Its Editor-in-Chief, Lu Gusun, a famous expert on Shakespearean studies at Fudan University, recently presented the public with a supplement to the dictionary, which contains 3,500 new words and new meanings of words that have come into use since the 1980s.

    The supplement, completed with the help of his three graduate students, Yu Haijiang, Gao Yongwei and Li Jie, has references picked from original English materials, mainly newspapers, magazines and websites, Lu said.

    The Shanghai Translation Publishing House publishes the supplement, priced at 36 yuan ($4.3).

Dalian Daily

Mini Household Electrical Appliances: Pets Of The Summer Market

    Market is always changing. Years ago, people like ¡°bigness¡± when buying household electrical appliances. However, this summer, people are fond of ¡°mini¡±, mini household electrical appliances featuring ¡°smallness, delicacy, easy to handle¡± are selling very well in various shopping malls of Dalian.

    ¡°xiao xiao shen tong¡± washer, ¡°xiao xiao tian¡¯e¡± washer manufactured respectively by famous Haier Group and Little Swan Group are selling like hot cakes, especially, ¡°xiao xiao shen tong ¡¯99 window¡±, which has a transparent upper lid where people can see the colorful swirl of clothes.

    ¡°mini¡± style dominates the TV set market too. A type of 36cm TV set is sold by many manufacturers like Kangjia, Kangli and Skyworth.

    Small refrigerators like Haier ¡°xiao wang zi¡± ¡°xiao tongshuai¡±, Huaxia 50 litre and mini fans are all competing with the ordinary ones on the market.

    A manger of a shopping mall introduced that compared with ordinary appliances, mini household electrical appliances has the same functions, but with lower price. He said sales of mini household electrical appliances registered a greater increase than the ordinary ones by now.

    Though many families have already had washers and refrigerators, they still want several more to meet different family members¡¯ demands, since people have higher living standard now. It is such circumstances that make the mini appliances acceptable to customers for their characteristics of money-saving, electricity-saving and space-saving.

    Students, single persons, seniors and people temporarily living in Dalian are also the buyers of the mini electrical appliances.

    Industrial insider believes that this phenomenon not only exists in the household electrical appliances market, but also in the furniture, mobile phone and beeper market. Along with the increasing fractionization of people¡¯s consumption modes is the demand for diversity and individualization of consumer goods. This is to raise a requirement for manufacturers to continuously adjust their products according to market demands in order to tap the consumption potentiality to the largest extent.



Dalian Daily

60 Million Yuan¡¯s Worth Smuggled or Regulation-Violating Cargo Intercepted

    Dalian Customs intercepted and captured smuggled and regulation-violating cargo in 98 cases in the first half this year, with 59.3558 million yuan involved, among which, 20 million yuan goes to smuggling cases.

    In the anit-smuggling fight, Dalian Customs worked cooperatvely with Dalian Smuggling Crime Recon Bureau and related departments, and has gradually formed a cooperation and contacting network, which greatly raised the efficiency of anti-smuggling fight.

    Detailed working programs to tackle smuggling were also worked out by Dalian Customs, as smugglers become more and more foxery.


Dalian Daily

60 Million Yuan¡¯s Worth Smuggled or Regulation-Violating Cargo Intercepted

    Dalian Customs intercepted and captured smuggled and regulation-violating cargo in 98 cases in the first half this year, with 59.3558 million yuan involved, among which, 20 million yuan goes to smuggling cases.

    In the anit-smuggling fight, Dalian Customs worked cooperatvely with Dalian Smuggling Crime Recon Bureau and related departments, and has gradually formed a cooperation and contacting network, which greatly raised the efficiency of anti-smuggling fight.

    Detailed working programs to tackle smuggling were also worked out by Dalian Customs, as smugglers become more and more foxery.


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