Li Peng --
Li Peng, 68, was re-elected into the top policy-decisionmaking body -- the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CentralCommittee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) at the First Plenary Sessionof the 15th CPC Central Committee here today. It is also the third timein succession for Li to be elected into the innermost circle of CPC's thirdgeneration of collective leadership since 1987.
China has made tremendous achievements in reformand opening up to the outside world over the past decade since the 13thCPC National Congress, to which Li Peng as Premier of the People's Republicof China and the central government led by him have made remarkable contributions.
Li, the son of a revolutionary martyr, acquiredhis higher education in the former Soviet Union. Known as an electricityspecialist, Li Peng is one of those high-ranking officials with a technicalbackground in New China.
Li was born in October, 1928 in southwest China'sSichuan Province. He joined the CPC in November 1945 and started his careerin March 1941.
Li studied at the Yan'an Institute of NaturalSciences, Yan'an Middle School and Zhangjiakou Vocational School of Industrybetween 1941 and 1946.
Then he served as a technician in the Shanxi-Chahar-HebeiPower Company and an assistant manager and a party branch secretary atthe Harbin Greese Company.
In 1948, one year before the founding of New China,he was sent to study at the Moscow Power Institute, majoring in hydroelectricengineering. During the period he was chairman of the Chinese StudentsAssociation in the Soviet Union.
After returning home in 1955, Li served as a deputydirector and chief engineer of the Fengman Hydroelectric Power Plant innortheast China. Later he served as deputy chief engineer of the NortheastChina Power Administration and director of its Electricity Dispatch Department,director of the Fuxin Power Plant and deputy secretary of the plant's Partycommittee.
Between 1966 and 1976, he held the posts as anacting secretary of the Party Committee of the Beijing Power Supply Bureau,chairman of the Revolutionary Committee of the Bureau, deputy secretaryof the Party Committee of Beijing Power Administration, chairman of theRevolutionary Committee and director of the Administration and secretaryof the Party group of the Administration.
Between 1979 and 1983, he served as vice-ministerand minister of Power Industry and secretary of the Party Group of theMinistry of Power Industry, and vice-minister and deputy secretary of theParty group of the Ministry of Water Resources and Power.
Li Peng was elected member of the CPC CentralCommittee at the 12th CPC National Congress in 1982 and was co-opted memberof the Political Bureau and member of the Secretariat of the CPC CentralCommittee at the Fifth Plenary Session of the 12th Central Committee in1985.
Beginning in 1983, Li Peng served as vice-premierof the State Council, took charge of energy, communications and raw materialsdepartments. Beginning in 1985, he served concurrently as minister in chargeof the State Education Commission.
Li was elected member of the Standing Committeeof the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee at the First PlenarySession of the 13th CPC Central Committee in November 1987 and in the samemonth he was appointed acting Premier of the State Council. Five monthslater, that is, at the First Session of the Seventh National People's Congress,Li was appointed Premier of the State Council, the fourth premier in thehistory of the People's Republic of China.
Li was re-elected member of the Standing Committeeof the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee at the First PlenarySession of the 14th CPC Central Committee in October, 1992, and one yearlater was re-appointed premier at the First Session of the Eighth NPC.Between 1988 and 1990, he served concurrently as Minister of the StateCommission for Economic Restructuring.
Over the past decade since Li Peng became thePremier, China's national economy has maintained a healthy developmentmomentum, with steady progress in economic restructuring, and fruitfulresults in opening up to the outside world and particularly in buildingthe socialist market economy. Meanwhile, China's exchanges and cooperationwith foreign countries have greatly been enhanced. Li has made quite anumber of visits to foreign countries, contributing to the consolidationand development of friendship and cooperation between China and other countries.
As the Premier of the People's Republic, Li Penghas always kept a tight schedule. Over the past decade, Li often went downto grassroots units across the country to do investigations and study.Over the past decade as Premier, he made inspection on study tours almostall over the country. Apart from paying attention to major political andeconomic situation in various places, he has been very much concerned aboutfour figures -- workers' average income, farmers' average earnings, pricesand the supply of vegetables and other non-staple food, all closely relatedto the people's daily life.
As the Premier, he has also paid much attentionto the socialist culture and ethics, which he construed as promoting ideologicaland ethical progress and progress in education, science and culture. Lishowed particular concern for the work and life of the intellectuals.
According to sources close to him, Li is kind,amiable, easy of approach and good at making friends. Among his acquaintancesare common folks as well as political personalities, experts and scholars.Li is well-versed in Russian and has learned English all by himself. Healso loves reading.
At home, Li is a "model husband." Newspapersonce published a photo showing Li Peng mending his overcoat. He said thathe learned sewing in Yan'an in the 1940s when he lived together with childrenof many other revolutionary martyrs. "Li Peng has not the slightesttraces of male chauvinism," said Zhu Lin, his wife. "Wheneverhe is free, he would lend a helping hand in household chores either whenhe was an ordinary official or later a minister or even after he becamethe Premier."
Li Peng's father, Li Shuoxun, was one of the earliestCPC members. He was murdered in Hainan Island by the Kuomintang when LiPeng was only three years old.
Li Peng's mother, Zhao Juntao, used to be an educatorand also one of the early CPC members. She passed away in 1985.
Li Peng has a family of 11. His wife graduatedfrom the Harbin Foreign Languages Institute and worked in the power departmentsfor many years. The couple has two sons and one daughter.